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Key Points

  • The dragon language has 4 types of pronouns - nominative, accusative, possessive, and reflexive.
  • Possessive determiners ("my") and possessive pronouns ("mine") are the same.
  • All reflexive pronouns end with -maar.

What are Pronouns?

A pronoun is a noun that is used in place of another noun or name. English pronouns include I, you, he, she, it, they, and we. Pronouns form the base vocabulary of many languages.

This lesson covers all of the different dragon pronouns and their forms. Below is a list of every pronoun.

Subject Object Possessive Reflexive
zu'u zu'u dii zu'u
hi hi hin/him hi
rok rok ok rok
rek rek ek rek
nii nii nimaar
nust niin niin
mu mu un mu

Note where some vocabulary is unknown. We'll go over each column section by section below.

Subject

Subject pronouns are used as the subject of a sentence, also known as nominative case. For example, "I went to Whiterun" or "She is one of the Companions". In cases where a nominative pronoun is unknown (marked non-canon), it is assumed to be the same as the accusative pronoun. Below are all of the nominative pronouns:

I
z5 zu'u
You
hi hi
He
rok rok
She
rek rek
It
n3 nii
They
nust nust
We
mu mu

The pronoun "hi" is pronounced like "hee".

Unlike English, the word for "I", "zu'u", is not always capitalized. The dragon language does not have uppercase or lowercase letters.

Object

Object pronouns are used as the object of a sentence, also known as accusative case. For example, "The dragon ate him" or "The king doesn't like them." Some are the same as the nominative case, like hi (you) and nii (it). In cases where an accusative pronoun is unknown (marked non-canon), it is assumed to be the same as the nominative pronoun. Below are all of the accusative pronouns:

Me
z9
dovah
zu'u
You
hi hi
Him
rok rok
Her
rek rek
It
n3 nii
Them
n3n niin
Us
mu mu

In rare cases, the word "dovah" can be used by a dragon to refer to oneself.

Possessive

Possessive determiners and possessive pronouns show possession, for example "my sword", "his crown", or "the day is ours". The possessive forms of a few pronouns are unknown. See Showing Possession for ways to circumvent these.

My/Mine
d3 dii
Your/Yours
hin/him hin/him
His
ok ok
Her/Hers
ek ek
Our/Ours
un un

"Him" is used instead of "hin" with words that begin with "H", e.g. "him hind" ("your wish").

Reflexive

The reflexive column is for pronouns that refer to themselves. For cases where the reflexive is unknown, you may use the accusative form instead.

Myself
zu'u zu'u
Yourself
hi hi
Himself
rok rok
Herself
rek rek
Itself
nim1r nimaar
Themselves
niin niin
Ourselves
mu mu

Exercises

1. Translate the pronouns of the following sentence: "I heard you faced him on the battlefield."

See answer

Zu'u, hi, rok.

2. Translate the pronouns for the following sentence: "This battle is hers. She will fight fate itself."

See answer

Ek, rek, nimaar.

3. What type of pronoun is "his" in "Dragonborn, Dragonborn, by his honor is sworn..."? What is the dragon translation?

See answer

Here, "his" is a possessive determiner. It would translate to ok.

4. Make flash cards for each pronoun (there are 15 total) and practice memorizing them. For extra practice, make additional flashcards with basic words like dovah "dragon" and krif "to fight" and arrange them to form sentences.

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